Skip navigation

Implementing the national objective to end Prone/Face Down Restraint

Eric Baskind Senior Lecturer in Law and International Expert on Physical Interventions Liverpool John Moores University opened today’s Prone/Face Down Restraint conference with background information to set the context of the day and later spoke on understanding restraint positions in terms of outcome, safety and efficacy.

Eric Baskind's full presentation is available for download at the end of this page.

Eric Baskind stated: 

“There is no such thing as risk free restrictive intervention” – there’s always risk to service users, staff.

"Minimise use of RI – only when absolutely necessary.  What is ‘necessary’?  ‘Cogent reasons’ is what Mental Health Act Code of Practice 2015 says.  NICE says must not routinely use manual restraint for more than 10 mins. Must be justifiable, appropriate, reasonable, proportionate to the situation and applied for the shortest time possible."

"Hard to put time frames on how long to apply RI – 3 mins, 7 mins, 10 mins?  When does the clock start ticking?  There is NO safe period.  People can die within 1 or 2 mins."

"Although many case studies of deaths happen when the person is in prone restraint, its not always just that fact that is the cause of death – there are other factors to remember  e.g. poor technique, prolonged restraint, failing to monitor the individual.  There’s a “very difficult toxic mix” of circumstances which can lead to death."

Eric Baskind's biography

Since 1987, Eric has been active as a consultant in the prevention and management of violence and aggression and in the use of physical interventions. He is also a senior lecturer in Law at Liverpool John Moores University where he is responsible for teaching a number of subjects including criminal law, sports law and commercial law. He is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, a Member of the Society of Legal Scholars, a Member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators and a Member of the European Violence in Psychiatry Research Group. He is Chairman of the Centre for Physical Interventions at the British Self Defence Governing Body (BSDGB), a not-for-profit organisation dedicated to the reduction in violence and aggression in the workplace and the improvement in personal safety and the safe use of physical interventions.

Eric has advised numerous organisations on the use of force and physical interventions and has been instructed as an expert witness both in the UK and in other countries in more than 3,000 cases involving restraint-related injuries and deaths including by the Prison Officers’ Association, Police Federation, Home Office/Ministry of Justice and the Scottish Prison Service. Amongst the other organisations he is currently advising are the High Secure Hospitals at Ashworth, Rampton, Broadmoor and Carstairs where he is Expert Advisor to the HSS Violence Reduction Manual Steering Group and the Security Industry Authority where he chairs an expert panel reviewing the management of violence and aggression and use of force in connection with the SIA’s licence-linked qualifications. Eric is also a member of the Mental Health Restraint Expert Reference Group on behalf of the Metropolitan Police and College of Policing and leads the work on restraint practices.

Eric gave both written and oral evidence to The Lord Carlile of Berriew QC Independent Inquiry into the Use of Physical Restraint etc in Prisons, Secure Training Centres, and Local Authority Secure Children’s Homes, held in the House of Lords, 2006 and 2011. He was also a Commissioner serving on the National Independent Commission on Enforced Removals with specific responsibility for advising on the management of violence and aggression and the safe use of restraint. The Commission was chaired by Lord Ramsbotham, GCB, CBE, formerly Chief Inspector of Her Majesty’s Prisons, and was established in March 2012 following the death of Mr Jimmy Mubenga who died whilst being restrained during his deportation from the UK.

Eric is the author of Defend Yourself: the Complete Guide to Personal Safety (Pelham Books, London, 1993). He is also co-author of a chapter on Coercive Measures in the Management of Imminent Violence: Restraint, Seclusion, and Enhanced Observation in Violence in Mental Health Settings: Causes, Consequences, Management (Springer-Verlag, New York, 2007). Eric has appeared on numerous occasions on television and radio to discuss various aspects of managing violence and aggression and the use and misuse of physical restraint.

It is unsurprising, therefore, that Eric’s research interests are concerned with evaluating the different methods of preventing and managing violence and aggression and physical interventions used in particular by the Police, Prison Service, NHS, High Secure Hospitals and other institutional settings providing secure accommodation including the secure juvenile estate. His current research is focused on evaluating effective and safe methods of dealing with disturbed, violent, aggressive and recalcitrant behaviour and in particular in the increased use of non-physical methods to resolve conflict and, where force cannot reasonably or safely be avoided, in adapting the many traditional methods of restraint into safer and more therapeutically supportive and, where possible, non-pain-inducing interventions.

In 2014, Eric was presented with a Lifetime Achievement Award in recognition of his outstanding work in the prevention and managing of violence and aggression. 

Forthcoming events of interest:

Improving Mental Health Crisis Care
Thursday 15 October 2015
Hallam Conference Centre, London
Positive and Proactive Care Meeting the New National Guidance on Reducing Seclusion
Tuesday 20 October 2015
Hallam Conference Centre, London
Smoking Cessation in Mental Health
Tuesday 20 October 2015
Hallam Conference Centre, London
Masterclass: Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards
Friday 13 November 2015
Hallam Conference Centre, London
Safe Staffing for Nursing in Mental Health Inpatient Units
Monday 16 November 2015
Hallam Conference Centre, London

Download: eric-baskind_1163.pdf

22 September 2015


    Partner Organisations

    The Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation TrustInPracticeClinical Audit Support CentrePlayoutJust For Nurses
    GGI (Good Governance Institute) accredited conferences CPD Member ASGBI (Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland) professional partner BADS (British Association of Day Surgery) accredited conferences